1067109 | GREEK. PTOLEMAIC KINGS OF EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos.
(Wife of Ptolemy II, died 270/268 BC). Issued after 193/2 BC. AV Mnaieion – 'Oktadrachm'. NGC Ch. MS (Choice Mint State) Strike 5/5 Surface 4/5.
Alexandria mint. 29mm. 27.7gm. Veiled head of the deified Arsinoe II right (with features of Cleopatra II?), wearing diademed stephane and horn of Ammon, lotus scepter over far shoulder, K behind /
ΑΡΣΙΝΟΗΣ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ. Double cornucopia bound with fringed diadem. Svoronos 1499; SNG Copenhagen 322.
The Ptolemaic mnaieion was one of the largest gold coins struck in the Greek world, exceeded only by the 20-stater gold issue of the Graeco-Baktrian king Eukratides I (171-145 BC). .
Ex CNG Triton V ( January 2002) Lot 1544.
Please use this link to verify the NGC certification number 5780849005
A minor detail of these coins is the ram's horn, which is hinted at below Arsinoe's ear. It has been suggested that it refers to Arsinoe's association with the ram-god Mendes, as we find it on the Mendes-Stele, where Ptolemy II decrees that a statue of his deceased sister-wife would appear with that of the god in every Egyptian nome. However, the iconography of the Ptolemaic gold coinage was mainly targeting a Graeco-Macedonian audience, which argues for an identification of the ram's horn with that of Zeus Ammon, a reference to Alexander the Great, who had established Macedonian rule in Egypt.